Mushroom stone is a product of natural stone reprocessing, named after its protruding decorative surface resembling mushrooms. Before the rise of the modern stone industry, the mushroom stone could be handmade and used more widely than in modern times. The mushroom stones handmade by craftsmen were widely used in the Ming and Qing dynasties’ dwellings, gardens, temples, palaces, and gardens, presenting a mechanical processing effect no less than in modern times. In modern times, the mushroom stone is mainly used for the decoration of indoor and outdoor walls, columns, and other facades, appearing quaint, thick, and stable. The shape of mushroom stone is not naturally formed, but artificially processed.
Processing mushroom stone generally uses natural stone, with two common types of stone being slate and granite.
1. Slate mushroom stone
Natural cultural stone, slate, mushroom stone, granite, and marble are suitable for interior and exterior wall decoration of buildings, stair floors, etc., with a variety of colors and natural pollution-free properties, making them ideal building decoration materials. Slate mushroom stone is a mushroom-shaped stone cut with tools along the edges of a thick slate. Due to the thin and fragile nature of the slate, most of the slate mushroom stones are chiseled with hand hammers. Therefore, each piece of slate mushroom stone is unique and more decorative, making it highly loved by people.
2. Granite mushroom stone
The processing of granite mushroom stone involves first sawing the square material out of the platform with a diamond circular saw blade, and then using tools to chisel the mushroom shape. There are also two mushroom-shaped stones that are chiseled out and then cut with a diamond saw blade in the middle to obtain two mushroom stones. The hard and wear-resistant nature of granite material is that granite mushroom stone is more widely used in outdoor decoration.
The characteristics of mushroom stone
The dry hanging sandstone mushroom stone on the wall is divided into dozens of types, including siltstone mushroom stone, green quartz mushroom stone, sesame yellow mushroom stone, pink quartz mushroom stone, white quartz mushroom stone, sorghum red mushroom stone, black and white flower mushroom stone, etc.
A. Natural environmental protection
Mushroom stone is made from natural materials, which are very environmentally friendly and do not cause pollution to the environment. It has a small amount of low radiation and is harmless to the human body.
B. Strong decorative properties
The shape of the mushroom stone is unique, with a strong sense of layering and three-dimensional effect. When used for decoration of villas and high-end buildings, it will appear very upscale. Natural stone materials used for landscaping and garden decoration can also create a natural and natural environment.
C. Waterproof and anti-fouling
Mushroom stone has strong waterproof and anti-fouling properties, so there is no need to worry about cleanliness when used for outdoor decoration.
D. Durable and wear-resistant
The texture of the mushroom stone is very hard, and it is generally difficult to crack or wear. Even when used outdoors, it is not afraid of wind or rain, and can still ensure a longer service life, making it very durable.
Construction technology of mushroom stone
Before laying the mushroom stone, the outer wall needs to undergo some matrix treatment, from square lining, reinforcement, grid division, mortar, and then leveling. At the same time, first, make a good sample plate, and after passing the appraisal and determining the construction method, the mushroom stone wall can officially begin.
1. 【 Handling grassroots 】
Before construction, clean the impurities on the surface of the wall base to ensure that the wall is basically flat.
2. [Apply leveling layer]
The leveling layer is made of 1:3 cement mortar.
3. 【 Brick arrangement, grid division, and line snapping 】
The width of the brick joint is generally 8mm, and whole bricks must be used for dividing and arranging bricks. If the whole brick cannot be used, the mortar joint should be adjusted. If it cannot be adjusted, the whole brick cutting should be used again.
4. [Pasting Mushroom Stone]
The tiling should be done from bottom to top, with a bonding thickness between 4 and 8mm.
According to the design requirements, the material and depth should be pointed horizontally and then vertically to ensure a continuous, straight, smooth, crack-free, and hollowing effect.
6. 【 Cleaning the surface 】
When the surface is dry and the cement slurry is fast drying, wipe the entire surface with dry cotton yarn, and then rinse the laid mushroom stone with clean water.