Stone lanterns are used for the decoration of gardens and courtyards. Stone lanterns are often used as outdoor decorations in tea rooms and are widely used in courtyard decoration.
The Development and Application of Stone Lanterns
There are several basic components on the earliest stone lanterns:
1. Baoding: Onion shaped object on the top of a stone lantern building.
2. Roof: The roof part of the stone lantern room. Hexagons and quadrilaterals are the mainstream, but there are also circular “snowy shapes”. The line connecting the polygon extends from the lower part of the pearl, with the end protruding, known as the “fern hand”.
3. Lamp room: The main body of stone lanterns, some decorative stone lantern lamp rooms never ignite.
4. Building body: The base part of the stone lantern room at the bottom, usually decorated with lotus seats and other decorations.
5. Pole: A long pillar at the bottom of a stone lantern lamp building. Snowy stone lanterns will omit this part. Generally cylindrical, there are also tetrahedra, hexahedra, and octahedra. There may be segmented ornaments, as well as figures and animal shapes.
6. Foundation: The lowest part of the stone lantern. Hexagons and circles are the mainstream, and there are also auspicious animal shaped bases.
The above is the basic structure of early stone lanterns, which have evolved into various styles over time. Generally divided into: pedestal stone lanterns, buried stone lanterns, movable stone lanterns, snowy stone lanterns, Huizhou stone lanterns, wild stone lanterns, etc.
1. Stone lanterns with a base. Standing lanterns are the most common type of stone lanterns, with a base and carved patterns on the bamboo hat. There are numerous classifications below it.
2. Buried stone lanterns are stone lanterns without a base, that is, stone lanterns that are directly inserted into the soil without a base, generally classified as follows.
3. Portable stone lanterns, also known as stone lanterns, do not have poles or foundations. Although they can be placed on the ground, they are difficult to fix. This includes three light stone lanterns, which are very small in size. “Three light” refers to the transparent opening of their fire bag. This stone lantern usually simulates the shape of the sun, moon, and stars. Three light stone lanterns are often placed by the water and are also seen in the Guili Palace.
4. The Snowy Stone Lantern is very low because it lacks poles and a central platform. Mainly used to illuminate water surfaces, commonly seen are three legged stone lanterns, with one foot on land and the other two feet in water, as well as four legged stone lanterns.
5. The Huizhen stone lantern has two legs and is often placed by the water, with one foot on land and the other foot in the water.
6. Wild stone lanterns refer to stone lanterns made of rough stones that have not been polished.
The earliest prototype of stone lanterns was a lantern used in ancient China to worship Buddha, which means “standing and bright”. Stone lanterns are often used as decorations in gardens and courtyards, and stone carved lanterns are also a type of plastic art. They use various granite stones to create visible and tactile stone carvings with a certain space.
The History of Stone Lanterns
The earliest lanterns were made to prevent wind from blowing out the lights. The lanterns used in indoor shrines are made of wooden frames, while those outside have solid stone lanterns, usually standing on the ground.
Chinese stone lanterns first appeared in the Han Dynasty and were popular from the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties to the Tang Dynasty. They were built in temples, temples, gardens, etc., but gradually became rare after the Five Dynasties period. During the Wei, Jin, and Tang dynasties, Buddhism was prevalent, and the styles of stone lanterns also developed. Some stone lanterns passed down from temples built at that time can still be seen today.
The Development of Stone Lanterns
1. North Korea
During the Three Kingdoms period, stone lanterns were introduced from China to the Korean Peninsula. Stone lanterns from the Korean Peninsula were first seen at the Maitreya Temple in Yee san, Baekje.
Stone lanterns in Vietnam are commonly found in Chinese Buddhist temples, large temples, and other Buddhist temples.
Japanese stone lanterns were introduced from the Tang Dynasty in China through the Korean Peninsula. The format of stone lanterns has been enriched and improved in Japan, with a complete system.
With the progress and development of the times, stone lanterns have now developed into solar powered stone lanterns with light control. The chip stores energy, lights up in the dark, naturally extinguishes during the day, and changes naturally with day and night. Previously, stone lanterns were mostly found in temples and courtyards, while modern solar powered stone lanterns are suitable for various scenarios. Nowadays, stone lanterns appear in a different form, with a more beautiful and modern appearance, but without losing their ancient charm and tea ceremony significance.