In the production and processing of stone products, there are many operation links, such as hoisting, cutting, grinding, polishing, glue repair, carving, transportation, loading and unloading, packaging, and so on. To better replace these operation links, workers often need to be in a specific production environment, accompanied by all kinds of huge stones and complex machinery. Therefore, there are many potential safety hazards around the workers, which make the workers more likely to be injured.
Therefore, in the daily production process, we need to carefully identify various potential factors that may cause harm to workers, and standardize and protect them, to effectively strengthen and improve the safety production management of the stone industry. So, in the daily stone production and processing process, what are the common causes of injury? Let’s talk about this in this article.
01. Mechanical injury
Almost all stone products are finished by cold processing such as cutting, unlike cement, glass, bricks and tiles, ceramics, and so on. Therefore, in general, in stone production and processing workplaces, we can generally see waste cutting equipment, rough board grinding, and polishing equipment, smooth board cutting equipment, special-shaped processing equipment, sewage treatment equipment, etc. The existence of these cutting equipment is one of the biggest potential safety hazards for workers.
In recent years, safety accidents caused by various cutting equipment have been despised. For example, in the process of cutting, cutting, grinding, polishing, glue patching, engraving, and other operations, workers do not operate properly in the process of unarmed feeding, resulting in sawing or bumping of fingers; For example, when replacing a severely worn saw blade, it suddenly sends power when the nut is not locked, resulting in high-speed rotation and flying out of the saw blade, causing physical damage.
02. Plate damage
In addition to personal injury caused by the use of machinery, being crushed, scratched, and smashed by plates are also common causes of injury in the process of stone processing. After all, processing several tons to dozens of tons of waste materials into plates with a thickness of 1-3cm requires multiple operation links such as cutting, cutting, hoisting, transportation, loading, and unloading. If you keep company with stones frequently, no one can guarantee that it will not cause physical injury to workers.
03. Other injuries
Instone production and processing, many links require a high-altitude operation, so high-altitude falling accidents are also common. Among them, most of the falling accidents mainly occur in the stacking of waste materials, because the stone waste materials are often not flat, and the stacking is not neat and uniform, so people step on them very unstable, pay little attention or cause the waste materials to shake during the operation, which may lead to personnel falling.
Due to the need for environmental protection, the wet operation is often seen in stone processing. there is a lot of dust and mud in the workshop in the production process, so it is necessary to continuously spray water to reduce dust and remove mud. The saw blade coolant and glue replenishing liquid will also often spill on the ground. In addition, the ground needs to be cleaned from time to time. Therefore, the ground in some working areas will be easy to remain wet and slippery, resulting in slipping and falling accidents from time to time.
In addition, due to the need to use a large number of wooden shelves and wooden packing boxes for shipment, a large number of iron nails need to be used in the process of stone processing. As a result, even if the work area is cleaned in time, sporadic iron nails or wood boards with nails scattered on the ground will be seen from time to time during production operations. The existence of these iron nails will often lead to the stabbing of some careless workers.
In addition to the above common injury types, there are also lifting injuries, vehicle injuries, electric shock, drowning, scalding, fire, and container explosion during stone processing. Although the actual probability of such accidents is not large, it is still worthy of attention by practitioners.
04. How to avoid safety accidents
It should be pointed out that in the daily production and processing process, operators play a decisive role in the prevention of safety accidents. The level of risk awareness and sense of responsibility is very important to the safe operation of the operation site. Therefore, enterprises should resolutely put an end to the phenomenon of taking up posts without certificates, unauthorized departure of maintenance staff, and untimely shift handover, and strengthen the standardization and training of staff.
1, relevant operators shall receive professional safety education and training, be familiar with safety production rules and regulations and safe operation procedures, have necessary safety production knowledge, and master the safety operation skills of this post.
2, some professional management posts should use professionals with certificates.
3, we should guide employees to do a good job in handover, sort out and summarize the operation and maintenance of relevant equipment and operation area, comprehensively check whether each equipment operates normally, record the inspection results in detail, do a good job in on-site environmental sanitation and equipment cleaning, and carefully sort out data.
4, the enterprise should also strengthen the professional and technical training for the staff of mining enterprises, enhance the ability of the equipment management team in operation, maintenance and management, and pay attention to stimulating the enthusiasm of enterprise employees to learn knowledge and technology.
In addition, enterprises should establish and improve safety protection measures. On the one hand, in addition to the traditional direct safety protection measures such as grounding, insulation, isolation, and spacing, we should also strengthen the automatic transformation of safety protection devices such as electric leakage and electric shock, and actively apply the monitoring system to realize the remote monitoring and automatic operation of the working state of the main equipment. On the other hand, enterprises should establish a long-term mechanism to prevent equipment production safety accidents, formulate emergency rescue plans, on-site disposal plans, and strengthening drills. It is necessary to clarify the main hidden dangers that are easy to cause accidents and strengthen equipment management. In the whole process of pre-prevention, in-process supervision, emergency response and post punishment, pay attention to and strengthen the pre-prevention link, timely eliminate potential accidents and prevent them.
Equally important is the procurement and maintenance of the equipment itself. On the one hand, when selecting and purchasing electrical equipment, enterprises should focus on the safety performance of the equipment and should not excessively pursue production efficiency. On the other hand, the enterprise shall establish a system of daily and regular maintenance of equipment, adhere to the policy of “putting prevention first and paying equal attention to maintenance and planned overhaul”, give full play to the enthusiasm of operators and maintenance workers, regularly inspect the equipment and confirm that there is no problem before it can be put into use. Once there is a problem, it shall take measures to shut down and repair the equipment in time according to the actual situation of the equipment replacement, maintenance, and other measures. Only by ensuring that the equipment will not have problems, can the production efficiency of relevant work be greatly improved and the accident rate of relevant mine work be minimized.
In a word, every enterprise needs to guard against safety accidents. Only by standardizing the safety production behavior of enterprises, implementing safety technical measures, and strengthening the safety management of equipment, can the long-term stability of enterprise safety production be realized. Well, this article is written here. Safety starts with me. If you are interested in my article, you are welcome to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org.