3. Construction process
The most common method of niche construction in daily life is to create niches in the bathroom area. The construction process here revolves around the detailed analysis of the practice of bathroom niches
01. Use red bricks to build drainage vertical pipes to complete the construction of the pipes, and extend them on top of the pipes. Continue to build red bricks and reserve pre planned niches, but pay attention to the actual reserved size being larger than the planned niches.
02. Lay all the tiles in the areas except for the niche opening, and then lay the tiles and stones inside the niche. The bottom layer of tiles should be laid first inside the niche, and then the tiles on both sides of the bottom layer should be laid, and then the tiles behind the bottom layer should be laid.
03. Two tiles are required for the second layer to serve as a laminate, and all four edges need to be cut and ground to a 45 ° angle. With the help of the three tiles for the facade that have just been laid on the bottom layer, they are used as the weight support for the bottom layer. The second layer of laminate tiles is erected, and then structural adhesive is applied to its surface, followed by other layers.
04. When closing the front edge of the final layer board, the ceramic tile strips for closing should also be cut to a 45 ° angle on all four sides, and then pasted and compacted at the closing point of the layer board.
Attention points: The height of the bathroom niche should be determined by the layout of the wall stone or ceramic tiles, and the height should be level with the horizontal seam, and the same chamfer or groove should be made as the horizontal seam.
4. Key points of niche design
Because niches are designed differently from storage cabinets and wall shelves, they can be fixed with nails, but instead require pipe wrapping or wall construction before excavation. There are requirements for building construction and cost, and when designing niches, not only practicality should be emphasized, but also aesthetics. Whether the construction can meet its functional needs, whether it is icing on the cake or adding to the cake.
The materials used for niches can be wood, glass, metal, stone, and other materials. Designers should pay attention to the relationship between their material characteristics and the location of the niches. If they are in the bathroom or kitchen, they should consider whether they are waterproof, mold resistant, and bacteria resistant, especially in terms of cleaning, which is not easy to become a corner of hygiene and hide dirt. Therefore, stone or ceramic tiles are the most ideal materials for niches in bathrooms and kitchens, with a focus on practicality. If it is in other spaces such as the living room, bedroom, study, etc., the focus is on aesthetics while meeting the practicality of storage.
Grasping the scale ratio
The scale and proportion mainly revolve around practicality and aesthetics. The so-called practicality refers to whether the thickness of the niche is deep or shallow, which will have an impact. If the thickness is relatively deep, it cannot guarantee the stability of the wall here. If it is shallow, it cannot place too many objects, and the storage efficiency is low. The above also mentioned that the thickness should be ensured to be around 150-200mm, which is just appropriate. The so-called aesthetics refers to the proportion of the niche on the entire wall. The design of the niche should be coordinated with the entire wall, and necessary trade-offs and trade-offs should be made between practicality.
Slope each floor of the bathroom niche
If the niche is in a flat state, water will accumulate inside the bathroom niche during actual use. If it is not drained in a timely manner, it is very easy for moisture, mold, bacteria, and odor to occur. Therefore, each layer of the bathroom niche should have a certain slope, and the wall surface where the niche is located should also be waterproof.
Align the niche with the wall tiles
The niches in the bathroom must be coordinated with the ceramic tile joints. If not properly handled, the gaps between the partition and the ceramic tiles will not match, greatly damaging the aesthetic effect of the niches and making it extremely uncomfortable to see.