Since the primitive inhabitants could not get a correct explanation of the phenomena in nature, the earliest beliefs appeared, and they expressed their worship of nature and belief in various ways. In the process of the slow development of history, people’s continuous progress and innovation began to carve pictures or characters, words, and other products with stone to commemorate people or things who miss the past. Until today, it has evolved into the current stone relief works, and after people’s continuous innovation and research, it has been widely used in various industries and fields, such as the pattern carving on the stone column in the park in the construction industry, the plant carving on the stone wall in the garden, the relief background wall used for decoration in the family, relief murals, etc.
In the long river of historical development, mankind has built its own art treasure house, and the ancient civilization has left us rich artistic heritage. As a form of artificial creation, relief always shows the rich history and civilization of mankind with its unique artistic techniques; As an artist with strong visual impact, relief can also be perfectly integrated with other arts. forms, records, and constructs the evolution track and prosperity of art with its occurrence and development. Relief is a kind of sculpture that carves concave-convex and undulating images on the plane. It is an artistic form between round sculpture and painting. The forms of relief include three-dimensional form, plane form, or both; It can not only match with a certain carrier but also exist independently. Generally speaking, in order to meet the viewing or decoration needs of specific viewpoints, the prominent feature of relief relative to round sculpture is the two-dimensional or plane characteristics after shape compression.
The difference between relief and round sculpture lies in its relative planarity and three-dimensional. Its spatial expression is between the two-dimensional virtual space of painting and the three-dimensional solid space of round carving. The compressed space limits the artistic aesthetic development of relief space. Relying on the plain background, the sense of entity of round sculpture is weakened, and more virtual and illusion in painting and perspective are adopted and used to achieve the purpose of expression. Compared with round sculpture, relief mostly deals with the relationship between space and form according to the principles of painting. However, in reflecting the central pursuit of the aesthetic image, relief and round sculpture are completely consistent, and different techniques and forms show only some appearance characteristics.
Stone relief, as a handicraft created, designed, and carved by people themselves, is the oldest civilization and leaves us rich historical, cultural, and artistic heritage. The creation of stone relief has always enriched people’s civilization history with unique techniques and behavioral art forms. It highlights the visual effect by carving uneven patterns you like on a plane and shows a vivid image of carving works. In recent years, stone relief has been widely used, and relief design companies are also increasing.
The processing flow of stone relief
The production process of relief is relatively simple, generally including nine steps, as follows:
1. Make a design draft
Draw detailed drawings according to customer requirements, including multi-angle and all-round display drawings, so as to facilitate customer confirmation.
2. Select suitable stone
Select appropriate stone materials according to the design drawings, design requirements, and manufacturing process requirements. It should be noted that in this process, the color difference, stone structure, and other problems that may affect the follow-up work must be checked.
3. Initial processing preparation engraving
The rough stone is made into plates and cuts into size materials with a gantry saw. Pay attention to joint inspection.
4. Carving and setting out
Make a 1:1 detail drawing according to the design draft.
5. Start carving
After setting out, the stone prototype (approximate outline) shall be carved, and then carefully carved by the craft artist.
After the engraving is completed, the details shall be processed and polished with coarse emery cloth and fine emery cloth.
7. Inspection and acceptance
The sculpture quality inspection shall be carried out by the company’s quality supervision department before customer acceptance.
8. Sculpture installation
The steel framework shall be made according to the installation scene and size and welded for installation.
9. Review and inspection
After the installation of relief, the process artist shall conduct local treatment and installation acceptance.
Application of stone relief
In fact, stone relief is also widely used in many buildings. On the walls of garden squares and hotels, they will use the relief to carve on the walls and carve all kinds of exquisite patterns, such as plant and animal patterns. There are small to the present family decoration, many will do some relief patterns on the TV wall, which adds a beautiful effect to the whole family and looks more atmospheric.
Relief wall is one of the series of relief arts and crafts. It plays a more and more important role in beautifying the urban environment, which not only increases the urban cultural atmosphere but also enriches people’s visual enjoyment.
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